[新聞試譯] 瑞典「女性、跨性限定音樂祭」被裁定歧視

Swedish women-only music festival found guilty of discrimination

瑞典一場「女性限定」的音樂祭被認定觸犯了歧視相關的法律


A Swedish event billed as “the world’s first major music festival for women, non-binary and transgender only” has been found in breach by Sweden’s discrimination ombudsman (DO).

自稱世界上「第一場女性、非二元(non-binary)和跨性別者(transgender)限定」的音樂節,已經被「瑞典歧視監察機構(DO,Discrimination Ombudsman)」認定違法。

The inaugural Statement festival was held in Gothenburg in August following a successful crowdfunding campaign that raised 533,120SEK (£46,555). The DO opened an investigation into the festival in July.

其中,第一場音樂會籌資超過 533120 瑞典克朗(SEK,約 180 萬台幣),並於今年八月在哥特堡(瑞典第二大城,Gothenburg)舉辦。DO 在七月開始對該音樂祭進行調查。

A new DO ruling said that although festival organisers did not enforce the “man-free” rule, since “no differentiation based on sex was made between visitors at entry”, the statements the company issued prior to the event “discouraged a certain group from attending the event”, breaching a law banning gender discrimination.

DO 新的裁決表示,雖然音樂祭沒有明說「男性禁止(man-free)」,但活動主辦方在活動開始之前所發表的聲明「我們不歡迎了某一群體參加這個活動」,這違反了「禁止性別歧視(banning gender discrimination)」的法律。

The DO found that nobody suffered damage from the festival’s restrictions and no penalties will be imposed.

然而,DO 並沒有發現有人因為音樂祭的性別限制而受害,所以不會對其做出任何懲處。

The organisers of Statement responded on Facebook: “It’s sad that what 5,000 women, non-binaries and transgender experienced as a life-changing festival made a few cis men lose it completely. The success of the Statement festival shows that is exactly what we need and the DO’s verdict doesn’t change this fact. Otherwise, we have no comments. We are busy changing the world.”

而音樂祭的主辦方也在 Facebook 專頁回應說:「這真是令人遺憾,有超過 5000 名的女性、非二元性別者和跨性別者一起經歷了一個足以改變人生(life-changing)的音樂祭,這讓一些「順性男」(Cis Men [1])氣噗噗(lose it)。這個音樂祭的成功,表明了這正是我們這個族群所需要的,DO 對我們的判決不會改變這一個事實。我們對此不想多做評論,因為我們正在忙著改變這個世界。」 [1] 順性男(cis man):生理男,心理男;而順式女(cis woman)就是生理女,心理女順性別(cisgender)這個名詞相對於跨性別(transgender)

DO press officer Class Lundstedt said: “It is important to point out what an infringement is. These [infringements relate to] statements made before the festival, that they wrote on their website. Still, we haven’t been able to prove that someone would have been discriminated against in connection with the implementation or that someone would have been rejected.”

DO 的新聞官員 Lundstedt 說:「最重要的是要指出他們哪裡違法。這個『違法行為』與音樂祭官方日前在他們網站上所寫的描述『有關』。儘管如此,我們還是無法證明會有人因為這些聲明而受到歧視。

“Clearly, we believe that sexual abuse, especially at festivals, is a serious problem. So we are looking forward to trying to correct this,” said Lundstedt. “However, it shouldn’t happen in a way that violates the law, which their statements in the media and their website [did].”

很顯然,在音樂節 [2] 發生的性騷擾和性侵害(sexual abuse)是一個很嚴重的問題,所以我們也期待共同努力去矯正這個問題。但是,這也不應該用違反法律的方法,他們在媒體和他們的網站上的聲明確實觸法了。」

[2] 這裡的音樂節指的是下面說的那種常見的大型音樂節,而非這場「女性限定」的音樂祭

Statement festival was founded by comedian Emma Knyckare after a series of sexual assaults at Swedish music festivals, including four rapes and 23 sexual assaults at the 2017 edition of the country’s biggest music festival, Bråvalla, which led to the event’s cancellation in 2018.

在過去瑞典音樂節(就是 [2] 所說的)發生一連串的性侵犯事件後,喜劇演員 Emma Knyckare 成立了這個「女性、非二元、跨性別限定的音樂祭」作為反擊。去年,在瑞典全國最大的音樂節 Bråvalla 上,一共發生四次強姦案和 23 次性侵案,導致這個音樂節今年取消舉辦一次。

Organisers described Statement as “a safe space for the people who want to attend a festival without feeling scared for their personal safety”, and said it would remain a protected space “until ALL men learn how to behave themselves”.

而「女性限定」音樂祭的主辦方認為,「我們的活動提供了讓想要參加音樂祭的人們一個安全的空間(safe space),在這裡,他們不必再因人身安全而感到害怕,」並表示會繼續辦下去,「直到所有的男人都學會如何控制自己的行為。」